PAKISTAN MEDIA MONITOR – December 2021
A monthly report on trends relating to state of journalism and media rights, policies and practices
Media related laws, policies and regulations
The state of media professionalisms
The state of media economy
Threats and attacks against journalists and information practitioners
Vol. 2, No. 12 – December 2021 Edition
Produced by Freedom Network – www.fnpk.org
SECTION 1: Media related laws, policies, regulations, mechanisms
- Freedom of expression (FOE)
- Right to information (RTI), access to information (ATI)
- Federal and provincial governments (relevant ministries and departments)
- Media related regulators (PPC, PEMRA, PTA)
- Regulatory issues related to print, electronic and digital media
President signs journalist protection bill into act
President Dr Arif Alvi signed the Protection of Journalists and Media Professionals Bill 2021 into act and termed it a historic legislation for the country.
Date: December 5, 2021 – Source: The News
The XEN Public Health Engineering, Bahawalpur was fined Rs10,000 by the Punjab chief information commissioner (CIC) for not giving access to information to a citizen.
Date: December 8, 2021 – Source: Daily Times
Minister for Human Rights Dr Shireen Mazari said inputs of relevant bodies and stakeholders have been sought and added in the Protection of Journalists and Media Professionals Act 2021 which has been passed to safeguard their rights.
Date: December 11, 2021 – Source: The News
The Punjab Information Commission (PIC) told the Punjab government that it cannot keep secret the provincial cabinet meeting minutes under Article 19-A of the Constitution and Right to Information (RTI) Act 2013.
Date: December 19, 2021 – Source: Dawn
The Islamabad High Court (IHC) chief justice Athar Minallah observed that the judiciary, due to its lofty position in society, is open to criticism and a ‘judge is not immune from being criticized’.
Date: December 27, 2021 – Source: The News
The Punjab Information Commission (PIC) imposed Rs50,000 on Municipal Committee Chief Officer Athar Majeed for not giving access to official information in violation of the Right to Information (RTI) law.
Date: December 31, 2021 – Source: Dawn
The Islamabad High Court (IHC) reserved its judgement on identical petitions filed by the Supreme Court of Pakistan (SCP) and the Ministry of Law and Justice against the decision of the Pakistan Information Commission (PIC) for disclosure of details of the apex court’s employees.
SECTION 2: The state of media professionalisms
- Media independence issues
- Public interest journalism practices and challenges
- Ethical journalism issues
- The state of thematic journalism
- Community-focused media
- Misinformation / disinformation / fake news
Date: December 13, 2021 – Source: The News
A panel of journalists at the 14th International Urdu Conference in Karachi stressed the need for formulation of a joint movement for freedom of press in Pakistan.
Date: December 16, 2021 – Source: Dawn
Primeau Forensics, a US-based forensic audit company, confirmed that it had inspected an audiotape forwarded by a Pakistan television channel but said that it could not share of its report with media.
Date: December 20, 2021 – Source: The News
The Associated Newspapers limited (ANL), publishers of The Daily Mail, obtained the 5th extension to submit evidence in Shehbaz Sharif defamation case nearly a year after the London High Court ruled that an article by The Daily Mail’s contained the highest level of defamatory content.
Date: December 21, 2021 – Source: The News
Islamabad High Court (IHC) Chief Justice Athar Minallah made it clear that ARY News misreported the court’s hearing in a case pertaining to an affidavit furnished by former Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) chief judge Rana Shamim.
Date: December 23, 2021 – Source: Express Tribune
In a bid to protect the local entertainment industry, Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting Fawad Chaudhry proposed an increased taxation for transmission of foreign dramas in Pakistan.
Date: December 23, 2021 – Source: Dawn
Islamabad High Court (IHC) Chief Justice Athar Minallah directed the federal government to appoint the chairman of the Implementation Tribunal for Newspaper Employees (ITNE) by January 20, 2022.
SECTION 3: The state of media economy
- Economic landscape of media industry
- Impact of Covid-19 on media resilience and sustainability
- Government and private advertising for media industry
- Advertising sector and its interface with media industry
- Business viability and sustainability of media
- Wages, salaries and arrears of journalists and media practitioners
Revenue department ordered to recover Rs197 million from former PTV chairman
The Islamabad High Court (IHC) directed the federal revenue department to recover Rs197 million from two former information ministers, a former principle secretary and former Pakistan Television (PTV) Chairman Ata-ul-Haq Qasmi, secretary in connection with the latter’s appointment as C
SECTION 4: Threats and attacks against media and information practitioners, including online
- Murders and killings
- Kidnappings and abductions
- Arrests and detentions
- Threats – verbal and written
- Harassment and intimidation – offline and online
- Surveillance, hacking and data breaches
- Legal cases for journalism-related work or free speech
- Impunity of crimes against journalists
Date: December 5, 2021 – Source: The News
In a written order, Islamabad High Court (IHC) Chief Justice Athar Minallah ordered Prime Minister Imran Khan to direct all agencies working under him to produce missing journalist Mudassar Naru before the court.
Date: December 7, 2021 – Source: Freedom Network (FN)
Unidentified gunmen opened fire at the residence of journalist Farooq Paracha in Hangu district of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. Freedom Network (FN) condemned the incident and demanded authorities to bring culprits to justice.
Rangers personnel manhandle photojournalist in Karachi
A photojournalist working for daily Dawn was manhandled and beaten by personnel of Sindh Rangers while fulfilling his professional duties of covering a political gathering in Karachi.
Prime Minister seeks report on missing journalist’s whereabouts
Prime Minister Imran Khan assured the family of missing journalist Mudassar Naaru of a thorough investigation and directed authorities to submit a report about Naaru’s whereabouts at the earliest.
Date: December 14, 2021 – Source: The News
Islamabad High Court (IHC) Chief Justice Athar Minallah said that it was not the court’s job to find missing people and directed government authorities to produce missing journalist Mudassar Naru before the court.
Date: December 18, 2021 – Source: Dawn
While the World Press Freedom Index Report 2021 compiled by Reporters sans Frontiers (RSF) marks a slight improvement in Pakistan, the reality is that the environment for journalists remains toxic and concerns for press freedom are at a rise.
Date: December 23, 2021 – Source: The News
Political parties in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) from both the government and opposition sides unanimously passed a resolution calling for enacting special legislation on the safety of journalists to expand the legal cover for protection of journalists working in the province.
Date: December 29, 2021 – Source: The News
The Islamabad High Court (IHC) decided to indict former Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) chief judge Rana Shamim, Jang-Geo group Editor-in-Chief Mir Shakil-ur-Rehman, news editor Amir Ghauri and Editor Investigations Ansar Abbasi in a contempt of court pertaining to the publication of an affidavit.
Reporters Without Borders calls for annulment of indictment against journalists
Reporters without Border (RSF) and Freedom Network (FN) called for the annulment of the decision by the Islamabad High Court (IHC) to indict former Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) chief judge (CJ) and journalists in a case pertaining to the publication of an affidavit in an investigative news report.
Date: December 31, 2021 – Source: The News
The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) reacted to the Islamabad High Court’s (IHC) decision to frame charges against some journalists for their coverage of verified stories featuring former chief judge of Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) Rana Shamim’s affidavit.
OBJECTIVES: This series of monthly report aims to:
- Monitor the state of policies, regulations and mechanisms governing the media sector in Pakistan; the state of freedom of expression and right to information environment in the country and how these interfaces with media freedoms allowed or restricted via media regulations governed by the print, electronic and internet regulators.
- Track the state of media professionalisms in the country including ethical and public interest journalism practices and challenges, and the challenges of misinformation, disinformation and fake news phenomena.
- Follow the changing economic dynamics of the media industry and how they impact the business viability and sustainability of media and exploitation of media staff in lieu of their wages and arrears.
- Scrutinize threats and attacks against media and information practitioners, the state of impunity of crimes against journalists and efforts to provide justice for those aggrieved and distressed.
INFORMATION SOURCES: This report monitors, among others, the following sources of information:
- Government: Federal and provincial cabinets
- Ministries: Related ministries, including Information and Broadcasting, Information Technology (IT) and Telecom, Human Rights, Science and Technology, Commerce and Industry, etc.
- Legislatures: Senate, National Assembly, provincial assemblies, relevant standing committees
- Regulators: Pakistan telecommunications Authority (PTA), Pakistan Electronic Media regulatory Authority (PEMRA), Press Council of Pakistan (PPC), State Bank of Pakistan (SBP), etc.
- Global organizations: UN/Unesco, International Media Support (IMS), Reporters Without Borders (RSF), International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), Amnesty International (AI), Human Rights Watch (HRW), etc.
- National organizations: Digital Rights Foundation (DRF), BoloBhi, Media Matters for Democracy (MMFD), Institute for Research, Advocacy and Development (IRADA), Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP), etc.
- Media: Dawn, The News, Express Tribune, The Nation, Pakistan Today, The Friday Times, etc.
- Social Media: Facebook, Twitter, etc.
- Local networks: Journalists Safety Hubs Network, Alliance on Diversity & Pluralism in Media, etc.
- Any other open public information sources.